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* exasperate is often used as an adjective “exasperated” as well as a verb “exasperate”, where it means to “irritate”. If someone is exasperated, they are irritated by someone or something.
* exacerbate is a verb that means to make a situation worse.
Credit for these “Common Errors in English” to the Common Errors in English blog and calendar.
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“Conjunction.” One of my favorite words. As most of remember from grammar or primary school, a conjunction is a word that connects parts of a sentence. However, did you know there are several different types of conjunctions?
The original type of conjunction that we were all taught is called a “coordinating conjunction”: and, but, or, yet, for, nor, so. When these coordinating conjunctions connect two independent clauses (those that can stand alone with full meaning), they are usually (but not always) preceded by a comma.
- My new puppy likes to eat, but his stomach is so small he can only eat a little at a time.
The next type of conjunction is called a “subordinating conjunction” which begins a dependent clause-a clause that depends on the rest of the sentence to derive its meaning. Well-known subordinating conjunctions (which can also be used as prepositions) include: after, as, if only, though, unless, whereas, even though, than, that, in order that.
Correlative conjunctions are used in pairs in sentences, joining sentence elements that are not right next to each other: both…and, neither…nor, whether…or, not only…but also, either…or.
- “Neither a borrower nor a lender be.”
- “Whether you win the race or lose it, what matters most is that you tried.”
Now that you have learned about all kinds of conjunctions, it’s time for a 1970s flashback, enjoy “Conjunction Junction” by School House Rock!
Use “peek” when sneaking a look at something.
When you arrive at the “peak” of something, you are at the top or uppermost point.
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Affect and effect are two of the most-often confused words in the English language. The simple rule is:
* affect spelled with an “a” is usually a verb that shows some kind of action. The simple definition of affect is “to influence” or “to make happen”. How will eating chocolate cake for every meal affect my weight?
* effect spelled with an “e” is usually a noun that names something. The simple definition of effect is “a result”. The effect of my choice of chocolate cake for every meal was a big change in my weight.
The two words seem to sound alike, but actually there is a slight difference in pronunciation between “uh-fect” (affect) and “eh-fect” (effect).
Use the verb affect when you are describing how one thing has an impact upon another thing.
Use the noun effect when you are showing the result of an action or feeling.
Since this is the English language we’re talking about, there are some exceptions to this grammar rule. In psychology, affect can be used differently; and effect can sometimes be use as a verb.
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The verb “cower” means to crouch down in fear, and “cowered” is the past tense of cower. A “coward” is a fearful or weak person; the word is a noun. Therefore, cowered (with a Nordic root) and coward (with a French root) may sound similar, and they may even have similar connotations, but they are different and should not be confused in your writing.
Credit: Common Errors in English Usage
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The word “everyday” is an adjective; it modifies a noun, as in “…my everyday clothes.” However, when you are using the adverbial phrase “every day”, make sure that you write it as two words. How often do you eat breakfast? Hopefully, you eat breakfast every day; but you might set the table with your everyday dishes.
Credit: “Common Errors in English Usage”
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Oh, our dear beloved English language! Isn’t it fun? The words though, thought, and through are often misspelled and mispronounced. The best recommendation we can give you for these three words is to take care when you write them and when you speak them. The second best recommendation we can offer is not to confuse “through” with “threw”!
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The word “admittance” is a noun that means permission or right to enter, while “admission” can be very similar: allowing someone enter or granting permission to enter. Admission can also mean an acknowledgement of the truth or a confession.
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People use “coronate” as a verb by mistaking it as related to coronation, however, “coronate” is actually not a real word. Instead “crown” can be used as a noun for the actual headpiece, and as a verb meaning to anoint someone with special significance.
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Disclaimer: You know that I am an English teacher, don’t you? Welcome to your English lesson for today: how to correctly use these two common phrases.
Recently I have heard these prepositional phrases used incorrectly. What is a prepositional phrase, you ask? That question has a simple answer: it is a phrase (an incomplete sentence) that includes a preposition (words that show a spatial relationship–especially those that show direction).
When I taught elementary school, my favorite way to teach prepositional phrases was to have my students sing that classic Thanksgiving song: “Over the river and through the woods, to Grandmother’s house we go…”
The words “to” and “from” are prepositions, so the phrases “similar to” and “different from” are prepositional phrases, but it is important to use the correct prepositions to use with the adjectives (descriptive modifiers of nouns).
There is a commercial currently running about dentures adhesive where the actress playing a dentist says: “…dentures are very different to real teeth.” Yikes! She should be saying “different from real teeth.
The word “similar” means almost alike, so one noun in the comparison is actually coming towards (or to) the other noun. The word “different” means not alike, so one noun is actually moving away (or from) the other noun in the comparison.
Please be grammatically correct and when comparing two nouns, say either “similar to” or “different from”. You will sound and be so smart!
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